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I've encountered this error and spent the last few hours trying to figure it out. I've looked at all the questions that appear to be duplicates - but they don't solve the issue.

In my react/redux app, when I made an ajax request in one of my actions, it throws this error out: Uncaught Error: Actions must be plain objects. Use custom middleware for async actions.

My store creation looks like this:

import { composeWithDevTools } from 'redux-devtools-extension';
import reducers from './reducers';
import thunkMiddleware from 'redux-thunk';
import { applyMiddleware, createStore } from 'redux';

export default createStore(reducers, composeWithDevTools(
	applyMiddleware(thunkMiddleware)
));

The relevant reducer looks like this:

import * as actions from './../../actions/tools/vehicle-lookup';

const defaultState = {
	vrm: void 0,
	isLoading: false,
	response: void 0,
	error: void 0,
};

export default function (state = defaultState, action) {
	switch (action.type) {
		case actions.VEHICLE_LOOKUP:
			return { ...state, isLoading: true, vrm: action.vrm };

		case actions.VEHICLE_LOOKUP_SUCCESS:
			return { ...state, isLoading: false, payload: action.payload, error: void 0 };

		case actions.VEHICLE_LOOKUP_FAILURE:
			return { ...state, isLoading: false, error: action.error, response: void 0 };

		default: return state;
	}
}

The relevant action looks like this:

import axios from 'axios';

export const VEHICLE_LOOKUP = 'VEHICLE_LOOKUP';
export const VEHICLE_LOOKUP_SUCCESS = 'VEHICLE_LOOKUP_SUCCESS';
export const VEHICLE_LOOKUP_FAILURE = 'VEHICLE_LOOKUP_FAILURE';

export function fetchVehicleLookup(vrm: string, jwt: string) {
	return function (dispatch) {
		dispatch(requestVehicleLookup());

		axios.create({
			timeout: 4000,
		})
			.post('/*api url*', {
				action: '*method*',
				body: { vrm },
			})
			.then(response => response.data)
			.then(json => dispatch(receiveVehicleData(json)))
			.catch(error => dispatch(receiveVehicleDataFailure(error)));
	};
}

function requestVehicleLookup() {
	return { type: VEHICLE_LOOKUP };
}

function receiveVehicleData(payload: object) {
	return { type: VEHICLE_LOOKUP_SUCCESS, payload };
}

function receiveVehicleDataFailure(error: object) {
	return { type: VEHICLE_LOOKUP_FAILURE, error };
}

My package versions are:

"axios": "^0.16.0",
"react": "^15.4.2",
"react-addons-css-transition-group": "^15.5.0",
"react-addons-transition-group": "^15.5.0",
"react-dom": "^15.4.2",
"react-hot-loader": "^3.0.0-beta.6",
"react-redux": "^5.0.3",
"react-router": "^4.0.0",
"react-router-dom": "^4.0.0",
"redux": "^3.6.0",
"redux-devtools-extension": "^2.13.0",
"redux-promise": "^0.5.3",
"redux-promise-middleware": "^4.2.0",
"redux-thunk": "^2.2.0",

First thought was that your fetchVehicleLookup action was moaning because you are returning the axios instead of just dispatching within.

export function fetchVehicleLookup(vrm: string, jwt: string) {
    return function (dispatch) {
        dispatch(requestVehicleLookup());

        axios.create({
            timeout: 4000,
        })
            .post('/*api url*', {
                action: '*method*',
                body: { vrm },
            })
            .then(response => response.data)
            .then(json => dispatch(receiveVehicleData(json)))
            .catch(error => dispatch(receiveVehicleDataFailure(error)));
    };
}

Simply remove the return statement that is in your action, as it's returning whatever object axios represents, which I imagine is going to be some form of Promise.

Second thought could be something around your store setup because it sounds like thunk isn't actually working.

3 users liked answer #0dislike answer #03
JonE profile pic
JonE

I managed to figure it out - after a very long chat with @Glitch100 (thanks!). I needed to return the dispatch of requestVehicleLookup just after the axios promise was created. Like so:

export function fetchVehicleLookup(vrm: string, jwt: string) {
	return function (dispatch) {
		axios.create({
			timeout: 4000,
		})
			.post('/*api url*', {
				action: '*method*',
				body: { vrm },
			})
			.then(response => response.data)
			.then(json => dispatch(receiveVehicleData(json)))
			.catch(error => dispatch(receiveVehicleDataFailure(error)));
      
      
		return dispatch(requestVehicleLookup());
	};
}
0 users liked answer #1dislike answer #10
Alexander Forbes-Reed profile pic
Alexander Forbes-Reed

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